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Friday, May 3, 2013

ADVERBS


What is an Adverb?


An adverb is a word that tells us more about a verb. It "qualifies" or "modifies" a verb (The girl sings beautifully). In the following examples, the adverb is in bold and the verb that it modifies is in italics.
  • Henry walks slowly.
  • Afterwards she smoked a cigarette.
  • Sue drives the car carefully.
But adverbs can also modify adjectives (Taufik is very clever), or even other adverbs (The task is really hard). Look at these examples:

  • Modify an adjective:
    - Galih is really handsome.
    - That was extremely kind of you.
  • Modify another adverb:
    - She drives really slowly.
    - He drives extremely fast

 Kinds of Adverb


A. Adverbs of Manner 

Adverbs of Manner tell us the manner or way in which something happens. They answer the question "how?". Adverbs of Manner mainly modify verbs.

  • He speaks slowly. (How does he speak? He speaks slowly)
  • They helped us cheerfully. (How did they help us?)
  • James Bond drives his cars fast. (How does James Bond drive his cars?)

B. Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of Place tell us the place where something happens. They answer the question "where?". Adverbs of Place mainly modify verbs.

  • Please sit here. (Where should I sit?)
  • They looked everywhere. (Where did they look?)
  • Two cars were parked outside. (Where were two cars parked.

C. Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of Time tell us something about the time that something happens. Adverbs of Time mainly modify verbs.

They can answer the question "when?":

  • He came yesterday. (When did he come?)
  • I want it now. (When do I want it?)

Or they can answer the question "how often?":

  • They deliver the newspaper daily. (How often do they deliver the newspaper?)
  • We sometimes watch a movie. (How often do we watch a movie?)

D. Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of Degree tell us the degree or extent to which something happens. They answer the question "how much?" or "to what degree?". Adverbs of Degree can modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.

  • She entirely agrees with him. (How much does she agree with him?)
  • Mary is very beautiful. (To what degree is Mary beautiful? How beautiful is Mary?)
  • He drove quite dangerously. (To what degree did he drive dangerously? How dangerously did he drive?)

Adverbs of Manner lists Here

Adverbs of Place lists Here

Adverbs of Time lists Here

Adverbs of Degree lists Here





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