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Thursday, April 14, 2011

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


1. Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is used to discuss permanent situations and the frequency of events.
Use the simple present tense to indicate:
1. Routine actions
2. Facts

FORM:
Positive:
Subject + Verb1 + Object
e.g : I like fried rice, she likes nugget, they play football, he plays football.

Negative:
Subject + don't/doesn't + verb1 + object
e.g : I don't like rice, he doesn't like rice.
Interrogative:
Do/does + subject + verb1 + object
e.g : Am I like rice? Does she like rice? Are they like nugget?
Please pay attention to negative form, when subject (he/she/it) + doesn't, the verb1 doesn't need to add -s/-es, because it was representative to the negative words (doesn't).

More examples about simple present tense:
I like beef.
You look nice.
They think twice.
We throw dice.
Chefs use spice.
The boys ring the doorbell.
Children sing on special occasions.
Some people bring gifts to parties.
Bees sting when they are disturbed.
She makes toys.

He rakes leaves.
It takes time.
Mom bakes pies.
Water slakes thirst.
Jill loves dates.
Mr. Smith fills crates.
Grandpa washes plates.
The dog jumps gates.

Exercise 1
Let's find out more examples about simple present tense. Comment your answer below, and let me check whether it's right or not.

The example of simple present tense about:
Routine actions
John brushes his teeth every morning.
Carol usually drives to work.
The teacher grades homework on Fridays.

Facts
Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean.
Some birds fly south for the winter.
Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen.

The frequency of Simple Present Tense.
The simple present tense is also used to show how often something happens with adverbs of frequency - always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, never, etc.... And when discussing daily, weekly, monthly etc. routines.

For example:
I always get up at 6.00.
I never drink coffee before 12.00.
I work on my website every day.
Every Monday and Thursday I go to the gym.

We also use the simple present to ask for and give instructions or to discuss a series of actions.

for example :
Question: How do I make pancakes?
Answer : Well, first you take 4 eggs and crack them into a bowl, then you weigh out 4 oz. of flour and sieve it into the eggs. etc.

The simple present tense can also be used to discuss future events. We will learn more about future tense on the next session.

Okay, that's all from me, i hope it can help you guys for learning English.


source : has taken from many source
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Wednesday, April 13, 2011

VERBS


Dignen (1999:16) writes" verbs are words that tell us what a person is DOING or FEELING or who a person IS.

Feelings
Use verbs like be, feel and seem to show how you feel and who you are.
e.g ; I feel so bad, I am upset, Her name is Tika.

Action words

Our actions are what we do.
e.g ; I play football, i kicked him, we broke their glass.

Action or Thing?
An action is a verb. But sometimes it looks like a noun in a sentence. It is a gerund.
e.g ; Smoking is bad for you, Jogging is good for you.

am,is,are: Present Simple tense of verb to be

FORM :
Positive ; I am, you are, she is, he is, it is, we are, they are.
Negative ; I am not, you are not, she is not, he is not, it is not, we are not,
they are not.
Question ; Am I...? Are you...? Is she...? Is he...? Is it...? Are we...?
Are they...?

Exercise 1
Please complete the sentences with am, is or are

1. It ... a pen.
2. We ... not a students.
3. How ... you today ?
4. The book ... here.
5. The books ... on the table.
6. ... I right ?
7. ... English very hard ?
8. ... she a lawyer ?
9. My father and I ... watching the movie.
10. I ... not a good student.

has, have got

FORM
Positive ; I/you/we/they + have got = I've got, you've got, we've got, they've got.
she/he/it + has got = She's got, he's got, it's got.
Negative ; I/you/we/they + have not/haven't + got = I haven't got, and so on.
she/he/it + has not/hasn't + got = She hasn't got, and so on.
Question ; Have + I/you/we/they + got.. + ? = Have you got.. ?
Has + she/he/it + got.. + ? = Has she got.. ?
Answer ; Yes/no + I/you/we/they + have/haven't = Yes,i have, No,I haven't.
Yes/no + She/he/it + has/hasn't = Yes,he has, No,it hasn't.

USE
* Possession:
She's got many friends.
Have you heard about him ?
They've got many balls.
She hasn't got many friends.

* Illnesses:
I've got a headache.
Have they got a stomachache ?

* Descriptions:
She's got black hair, blue eyes and a long nose.

Note* : We can also use have for possession:
They have a beautiful dress.
Do you have a job?
I don't have enough money.

But in British English have got is more common than have for possession.

Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with has or have got (use the short forms)
1. He ... a luxury car.
2. They ... two houses.
3. I ... brown eyes.
4. Mr.Galih ... a handsome face.
5. We ... a lot of problems.
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Tuesday, April 12, 2011

NOUNS


Let's start our lesson with Nouns. Nouns are words for people, animals, things, and ideas"
But, Thomson and Martinet (1986:24) state that "there are four kinds of noun in English, such as:
1. Common nouns, e.g : dog, man, table
2. Proper nouns e.g : France, Jakarta, Bolivia, Mr. Galih, Udin
3. Abstract nouns, e.g : beauty, madness, courage, fear, justice
4. Collective nouns, e.g : team, flock, swarm, group, club




 


Exercise 1
Now find out five more example of each nouns, and write your answer below (in comment)

A. Singular and Plural Nouns

Dignen (1996:6) states that "nouns can be singular or plural. Singular means one and plural means more than one." Usually, the ending -s or -es will be added to form plural nouns.

The example if singular nouns are:
1. She is a student.
2. Jakarta is a city.
3. a moth is an insect.

a and an are called as articles which are located in front of singular nouns. Article "a" will be followed by words which begin with consonants (such as a paper and a laptop) and article "an" will be followed by words which begin with vowels (such as an insect and an elephant)

Exercise 2
Use the article a or an in each sentences below:
1. English is ... language
2. A butterfly is ... animal
3. Asia is ... continent
4. Los Angeles is ... city
5. The bus arrived ... hour ago

The example of plural nouns are:
Days, cats, houses, boxes, pens, donkeys, flies, hotels, rooms, kisses, women, countries, tables and so on.
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